Terry Mason's Family History Site
Major lines: Allen, Beck, Borden, Buck, Burden, Carpenter, Carper, Cobb, Cook, Cornell, Cowan, Daffron, Davis, Downing, Faubion, Fauntleroy, Fenter, Fishback, Foulks, Gray, Harris, Heimbach, Henn, Holland, Holtzclaw, Jackson, Jameson, Johnson, Jones, King, Lewis, Mason, Massengill, McAnnally, Moore, Morgan, Overstreet, Price, Peck, Rice, Richardson, Rogers, Samuel, Smith, Taylor, Thomas, Wade, Warren, Weeks, Webb, Wodell, Yeiser.
John Peter Kiblinger
1FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/76978769/peter-kiblinger. Image.
Sarah Elizabeth Zimmerman or Carpenter
1Virginia, Births and Christenings, 1584-1917, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VRRZ-7PM. "Name: Salome Zimmermann
Christening Date: 13 Jul 1783
Christening Place: Peaked Mountain Church, Gaheysville, Rockingham, Virginia
Birth Date: 22 Aug 1771
Father's Name: George Zimmermann
Mother's Name: Anna
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C50611-1
System Origin: Virginia-ODM
GS Film number: 0924845 IT 2." Image.
2FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/76978783. "Sarah's Daughter Margaret Put Her Mothers Maiden Name as Carpenter (Ananias Pirkey married Margaret Kiblinger, daughter of Peter and Sarah Carpenter Kiblinger)
Some Public Trees Have Her as A Zimmerman
Some Have Sarah As Salome:
Her Tombstone Has Sarah." Image.
11810 U.S. Census. "Jacob had 1 slave. He had 5 sons under 10 and 1 daughter under 10, 1 female 16-26."
Will Frye Carpenter
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, FHL 1321081 Item 9. "Will Frye Carpenter was a son of Jacob II who was a son of Jacob I who was a son of George II who was a son of George Carpenter, immigrant." Image.
11810 U.S. Census. "Jacob had 1 slave. He had 5 sons under 10 and 1 daughter under 10, 1 female 16-26."
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, FHL 1321081 Item 9. " Leah and Jacob's first child, John Carpenter, was born on March 21, 1803, in Kentucky. John and Sally Frye's first child, Thomas, was born on Jan. 20, 1805." Image.
J. C. (Clay) Carpenter
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, FHL 1321081 Item 9. "Dr. J. C. (Clay) Carpenter was a son of Jacob (Jake) Young Carpenter (b. 1834 - d. 1910, m. Susan Hannah Riffe, Confederate War Veteran, moved to Texas in 1880) who was a son of John Carpenter (b. 1803 Casey Co. Ky. d. 10-11-1851, killed by persons unknown) who was a son of Jacob I, who was a son of George II who was a son of George Zimmerman Carpenter, immigrant." Image.
Carlo de la Nove
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, p.12, FHL 1321081 Item 9. "a linen draper who lived in Aix-La-Chappelle, France, now Aachen, Germany." Image.
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, pg 16, 17, FHL 1321081 Item 9. "So on August 18,1782, 182 men gathered, 130 men from Lincoln County and the rest from Fayette. They were commanded by Col. Stephen Trigg. Among the men were Daniel Boone and one of his sons. On August 19, the two opposing groups met at the bloody, tragic Battle of Blue Licks where the Kentucky Militia walked into an ambush and where sixty Kentuckians died before the rest fled. Daniel Boone's son was killed and also Col. Trigg. Carpenter's Station was fortunate to lose only one man, but that man was young John Frye, husband of Catherine Spears. It had been his turn to serve.
John Fry entered land on Carpenter's Creek, 8 miles north, 1780, on a Treasury Warrant for service in Revolution. Land Grant signed,1783, by Gov. Benj. Harrison. Engaged in Battle of Point Pleasant, 1774. Served in Rockingham Militia, VA. during Revolution. With Kentuckians when killed at Blue Licks Battle, 1782 at age of 28." Image.
Catherine Rebecca Spears
1Carpenter, Virginia T (Main Author), Carpenter's of Carpenter's Station, The, pg 18, 19, 20, 24, 27, 33, FHL 1321081 Item 9. "Consider now the situation in which Catherine Spears Frye found herself. A widow at the age of twenty-two and dazed and stricken with grief, she could scarcely have had time to indulge herself, for she had little Leah to care for, and she was seven months pregnant with her second child. And life must go on. Undoubtedly she turned to her sister Elisabeth, wife of John Carpenter, for assistance, and the other families at the Station would have rallied around. But the stark, brutal facts of life at that time were that there was simply no place for a dependent woman on the frontier. There was no way a woman could make her way alone in the wilderness, and equally, no man could hope to establish himself successfully without a woman in his house. Men and women then were truly partners, and womens' opinions valued equally with a man's. Furthermore, except for chores requiring a man's greater strength, a woman could do everything a man could. So a capable pioneer woman was a pearl beyond price and consequently she was never a widow for any length of time, many women even marrying within a few weeks after the death of their first mate. An average woman in Catherine's circumstances might have returned to her family in Virginia if she did not immediately remarry. Catherine Spears Frye was neither average nor ordinary.
Catherine had plenty of time to ponder her situation while awaiting the birth of her second child and the following winter while recovering from childbirth. Her posthumous son, John Frye, was born on October (19 or 29), 1782. The estate legalities of the deceased John Frye had to be taken care of, and on March 13, 1783, Catherine Frye, adm. presented to the court an inventory of an appraisement of the estate. The personal property listed consisted of the usual farm equipment and household furnishings such as pots and pans, John's wearing apparel, pewter plates, cutlery, Bible and prayer book, horses, cows, pigs, sheep, a small loan due from Paul Froman, 169 pounds of salt due from John Felton, etc., for a total valuation of £144.12.0. Catherine priced one bay mare at £30. At the subsequent sale of these items at Adam Carpenter's (no date given) the sold items totaled £164.7.7. The bay mare was bought by one Capt. Warren for £16.10.0., another horse went for £22, and these are quite fancy prices for horseflesh considering that a cow and calf went for £3.10.0., and 15 small hogs for £11.10. Adam Carpenter was a heavy buyer at the sale, mostly taking livestock, but also buying one feather bed for £6.1.0. In the wilderness, a feather bed was considered the height of luxury, and obviously Adam had an eye for his comfort. Possibly he also had an eye for the widow.
How Catherine managed during the next year and a half of her widowhood is not precisely known, but the indications are that she managed very well indeed. This tragic experience and others she suffered during her long lifetime apparently strengthened her character and molded her into a strong woman, thoroughly capable of handling any kind of situation that arose, and also with a solid talent for financial matters. Receipts found in the family papers for this period indicate that Catherine began to engage in land transactions. She bought 50 acres of land on Carpenter's Creek from W. Montgomery for £100, the land joining two holdings of John Frye, deceased. Witnesses: George Spears, Jacob Spears.
During this period, 1784 -1806, ten children were born to Adam and Catherine. Raising these ten children, plus Leah and John Frye, obviously occupied all of Catherine's time. We know that Catherine was a skilled weaver and that she brought weaving equipment with her from Virginia. In her papers are ten precious drafts (patterns) for weaving, one dated Jan. 4, 1777 'for Catrin Spears' and signed by one Rodgers McPeacks. Another draft is signed by James Murrel on December 5, 1805, another by George Carpenter. Copies of these drafts were given to Miss Lou Tate, nationally known weaving historian and weaving teacher in Louisville, KY. These drafts are to be included in Kentucky's Bicentennial program. There are also dye recipes.
Adam Carpenter died and once again Catherine found herself a widow. At this point she had nine minor children, and only her oldest son, William, was 21. No will is found in the family papers and the cause of death is unknown. In the list of estate expenses is an item of payment for medical service to Dr. McDowell of Danville, in amount £1.4.0. This doctor is the famous Dr. Ephraim McDowell who in 1809 performed surgery for removal of an ovarian tumor, the first such recorded case.
Catherine inherited her widow's third of the property, and the rest of the property was divided up in the names of the children. George Murrell and George Carpenter were named administrators of the estate. Since Catherine's son George was only nine years old at the time of his father's death, we assume that the executor referred to is George Carpenter, son of Pioneer John Carpenter. This George would have been 22 years old at this time and he was always called Station George: first because he lived at the Station, and second, it was necessary to distinguish him from his cousin George, son of Adam and Catherine, who was called George, Red-face. George Red-face was later usually referred to as Major after he had served in the Kentucky Militia. The two Georges lived only a few miles apart.
Catherine received 667 acres of land in three tracts, one of which contained the dwelling house. 1065 acres were divided among the minor children. Included in the estate papers is a list of small loans made by Adam to about a dozen relatives and neighbors in the vicinity. A document signed by George Murrel on March 31, 1807, lists the articles that Mrs. Carpenter received out of the Estate of Adam Carpenter Deceased, by the hands of the administrators and the estimated value which totaled £196.16.7. The articles consisted of farm stock, one bull, two yearling heifers, five hogs, four yearling calves, two cows, two cows and calves, nine old sheep and six lambs, one old brown mare, one sorrel horse, one bay mare colt, one bay horse colt, eight hogs, three sows and twenty pigs; farm equipment - plows, hoes, one set of doubletrees, log chain, two grindstones, saws, tools, etc.; household equipment - one 'cubbert' & furniture, value £7.4.0, kettles, pots, ovens, three beds (one valued at £9).
Catherine's precious loom and sundry gear were listed at £4.12.0, also one woman's saddle at £0.9.0. The last and most important item was 'One Negro Boy' valued at £ 75. This is the negro boy named Joseph who is also listed with the real estate, and it is the first mention of slaves in the Adam Carpenter family. £75 was a large price for a slave and it indicates that he was exceptional. Compare his value with the next highest priced item on the list which is one sorrel horse at £15 or eight hogs at £10.16.0. Joseph was to remain with Catherine Carpenter until her death, and he was the supervisor of her plantation.
Now comes the period of Catherine's life that shows her strong indomitable spirit. Wherever she had acquired her knowledge of law and financial affairs, either from early life in Virginia, or in association with Adam, or just plain innate intelligence, she now embarked on a path that would make her a well-to-do woman. Before Adam Carpenter had been dead even a year, Catherine was buying land, and she continued to buy land up until the time of her death. Early land grant certificates show that Catherine Carpenter as assignee of John Warren took up 130 acres in Adair County on March 9, 1808. On the same day, as assignee of Richard Whitman, she took sixty-five acres in Adair County, and on May 31, 1808, Catherine as assignee of Martin Warren, took 200 acres in Green County. An interesting footnote here is that Catherine and Adam's first-born child, William, married Mary Warren, a daughter of Martin Warren.
Catherine kept voluminous receipts, hundreds, even for such mundane events as having the plows sharpened, and records of money paid out for instance 'for the seasoning of Tecumseh', her mare. She paid her taxes and levies (carefully keeping all receipts) on her lands and produce. One of her sources of revenue was whiskey, as evidenced by one receipt, among many others, from the tax collector on September 30, 1815, for $31.31 1/4 for her account of 100 gallons of spirits distilled. In her papers is a recipe for distilling sour mash, dated 1818. It is entitled "A receipt for distilling By Sweet & Sour Mash", and it required the use of a hundred-gallon tub. There is also a recipe for making bitters.
As her holdings increased, Catherine's need for labor also increased and there are a number of bills of sale for slaves she bought. On Sept. 2, 1809, she bought a ten year old girl named Mary for $250. from one Bennett Shaikleford. On July 20, 1810, she bought a negro girl named Nancy at a sheriff's sale for $40.50. On May 8, 1824, she bought two negroes, Jim and McClain (Mack) for $419. from Mathias Speed and Jacob Conkright of the County of Fentress, State of Tennessee. On March 25, 1825, Catherine purchased from Chas. S. Perkins of Casey County 'one Negro girl slave named Malinda aged supposed to be Ten or Eleven years old for the sum of $250 in silver.' All of the above-named slaves were living at the time of Catherine's death in 1848 and are among twenty slaves mention by name in her will.
The legal affairs that Catherine dealt with during these years are quite astounding. Since Adam's estate was not closed out until after the youngest child was 21, which would be 1825, there was constant concern with the administration of the property held in custody for the minor heirs. As invariably happened during these early days, the title to one parcel of land divided among her children did not hold up, and this necessitated endless court procedures to straighten out, and was not finally settled until well into the 1820's. The Carpenters lost their suit, so each one of the children had to make a refund to the sister, Margaret, who had sustained a loss in her share of her father's estate.
At the September term of the Lincoln County Court in 1812, the clerk certified that William Crow was appointed guardian for Margaret, George, Conrad, Henry and Adam Carpenter, infant heirs of Adam Carpenter and for Catherine Carpenter. The reason for this change of guardian is unknown; it may have had to do with the creation of Casey County out of Lincoln County in 1806, the year of Adam Carpenter's death -- another complication involving two county courts. (It is doubtful that this Wm. Crow would be the same one involved in George Zimmerman's cattle dispute back in Virginia, but he could be a relative.) Another reason may have been that in the brief six years since Adam's death, there had already been a change in status of five of their children. William, Christina and Sarah were married; Margaret was to marry in December of 1812, and Mary had died in 1810 at the age of eighteen, only four years after her father.
To the sorrows of widowhood, Catherine now added the bitterness of losing a child, and Mary was placed in the Carpenter Burying Ground beside Adam. The Burying Ground is located near the family homestead. In the late 1810's and 20's, William, Christina, Sarah and Margaret all migrated into western lands as pioneers themselves. So, many of the details of Adam Carpenter's estate had to be settled by the uncertain mail of the time, not an easy matter. As each child left Kentucky, Catherine bought back the lands which they had inherited from Adam's estate and on which they had lived. She also bought back Major George's land, also Conrad's even though they remained in Kentucky.
Of the four children of Adam and Catherine who were still at home in 1820, two more were to leave for the west: Conrad, twin to Henry, went first to Montgomery County, Missouri, later to Honey Grove, Fannin County, Texas. Adam, the youngest child of Adam and Catherine, married Mary Ann (Polly) Jones in 1834, and they moved to Knobnoster, Johnson County, Missouri.
Henry, Conrad's twin, married his cousin Amanda Powell of the John Carpenter line, and they remained in Casey County.
So of all the ten children, all that remained in Casey County near Catherine were Henry, Catherine Carpenter Dinwiddie, and Major George." Image.
2FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=18320124. "w/o 1) John Frye 2) Adam Carpenter." Image.