Terry Mason's Family History Site
Major lines: Allen, Beck, Borden, Buck, Burden, Carpenter, Carper, Cobb, Cook, Cornell, Cowan, Daffron, Davis, Downing, Faubion, Fauntleroy, Fenter, Fishback, Foulks, Gray, Harris, Heimbach, Henn, Holland, Holtzclaw, Jackson, Jameson, Johnson, Jones, King, Lewis, Mason, Massengill, McAnnally, Moore, Morgan, Overstreet, Price, Peck, Rice, Richardson, Rogers, Samuel, Smith, Taylor, Thomas, Wade, Warren, Weeks, Webb, Wodell, Yeiser.
1FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/88173401/john-hunnicutt. "Marriage on 26 Feb 1670 in Surry, Virginia to Mary Elizabeth Warren (1655–1719)and 5 known children.
Children with unknown or non connected burials:
- Augustine Honeycutt 1670–1743
- John Honeycutt 1673–1732
- Robert Thomas Honeycutt 1675–1740
- William Honeycutt 1677–1718
- Thomas Honeycutt 1686–." Image.
1FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/88173310/elizabeth-hunnicutt. Comment by ? : She inventoried her son's estate in 1718, so she could not have died prior to that. Image.
Susan Maria Borden
1Massachusetts Deaths, 1841-1915, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N4DH-8GX. Image.
Freedom A. Borden
1Massachusetts Deaths, 1841-1915, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NW1W-KG9. Image.
Holder S Borden
1Mary H. Blewett, Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in 19th Century New England, pg 22-23, http://books.google.com/books?id=-A7orSQONDIC&dq=Constant+Turmoil:+The+Politics+of+Industri. "Holder Borden was horn in 1799, the first child of two cousins, George and Phoebe, descended from a Rhode Island family of Bordens. They lived on a farm in rural Freetown, Massachusetts, divided off for thirty years after 1804 as the town of Troy, later changed to Fall River in 1834." Situated on Mt. Hope Bay at the northeastern end of Narragansett Bay off Rhode Island Sound, Freetown in 1803 had eighteen dwellings, nine occupied by Bordens. Mariners, such as Holder's father, George, sailed sloops carrying agricultural produce to nearby points of exchange. George Borden died in 18o6, leaving his wife Phoebe with Holder nearly eight, three younger daughters, and a little land. Phoebe belonged to a local Borden family of thirteen children, headed by her father, Thomas M., and her mother, Mary Hathaway Borden, and including her two brothers, Richard and Jefferson, who would later join their nephew Holder Borden in his business ventures. After consulting her many relatives, the widow Borden sold the farm and built a house on a lot she owned in the village center where she opened a tavern and boardinghouse.
Holder's boyhood chores shifted from washing pigs in the farm pond to tending horses and running errands for the travelers between Newport, Rhode Island, and Boston, while his mother and sisters fed the boarders and did their laundry. Packet boats and daily stagecoaches to Providence also brought customers. With no time for school, the boy was taught to read, write, and cipher by his mother. The tavern became a popular wayside stop and a thriving business, providing Holder with plenty of chances to learn. A twenty-one-year old unemployed ship carpenter, Bradford Durfee, whose mother and grandmother were Rhode Island Bordens, made himself useful around the busy tavern and in 1809 married thirty year-old Phoebe, his second cousin. Holder, described as "always puny" but nonetheless the little man of the family, was only eleven years his junior. The vital, black-haired Bradford Durfee, "a brawny, handsome" man, became family head. He took over the proprietorship of the tavern, renamed it the Mansion House, and fathered two daughters." He also organized a small ship-building yard with Phoebe's brother, Richard. Holder Borden's relationship with his stepfather appeared amicable, but the youth, deeply challenged, became intensely competitive and eager to improve the family position on his own.
The more attractive commercial targets of Newport and Providence protected the residents of tiny Troy from British raids during the War of 1812. Nonetheless the young men of the town joined local units of the state militia and arranged for their own elections as "Major" and "Colonel," although none was ever called into active service. These local military titles stuck. The Mansion House became known as Major Bradford Durfee's house. Holder Borden's uncle Richard was always called Colonel Borden. Holder took no interest in these honorific ranks; he remained the militia company's clerk. Later associated with wealth and power in the community, these titles added an aura of military prowess and manly patriotism to the leaders of Fall River's economic development."
2Mary H. Blewett, Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in 19th Century New England, pg 25-26. "In Troy during these early years, Holder Borden associated himself with the Providence investors, the Troy mill owners, and the Wilkinson Brothers of Pawtucket. In 1821 these key investors - Holder Borden's relatives in Troy, the Wilkinson Brothers of Pawtucket, and Borden family connections in Providence - organized the Fall River Iron Works Corporation, which later developed cotton manufacturing and calico printing. According to local legend, Holder Borden was the driving spirit behind this endeavor. The major capital came from a Providence "Gentleman," Joseph Butler, a friend of Providence merchant Williarn Valentine who also bought Iron Works shares in 1821. Valentine had married Elizabeth Borden of Freetown, sister of Thomas M Borden. The Valentines would later develop intimate social and financial connections with Jefferson Borden. The complex genealogy, large families, and multiple marriages of the Bordens and Durfees produced Jefferson born in 1801, an uncle to Holder, born two years earlier in 1799. The Bordens' connections with Providence families provided important financial support, essential training, and marketing outlets before the Civil War.
The incorporation meetings for the Iron Works in 1821 convened at Major Durfee's tavern. Abraham Wilkinson, acting for the company, purchased from Thomas M. Borden, the father of Richard, Jefferson, and Phoebe and the grandfather of Holder, his remaining farmland and water privileges, located below the Great Falls and leading down to the bay. The thirty-two stock certificates representing twenty-four thousand dollars in capital assets were divided into eight lots of four shares each distributed to Abraham and Isaac Wilkinson, William Valentine, Joseph Butler, Holder Borden, Colonel Richard Borden, Major Bradford Durfee, and David Anthony. In contrast, the Boston Associates' venture at Waltham in 1813 had capital assets of four hundred thousand dollars, while the Merrimack Manufacturing Company also organized in 1821 had six hundred thousand dollars in assets, twenty-five times larger. The Iron Works bought metal molds from the Wilkinson Machine shop in Pawtucket for an ironrolling operation that would make barrel hoops for New Bedford whale oil casks, nails and spikes to be marketed out of Providence and New York, and machine castings for local use. In 1825 the Iron Works shareholders decided to build and lease a cotton mill, the Annawan, with Major Durfee as agent.
In 1822 David Anthony; who married Mary Borden, a daughter of Thomas M. Borden, sold his Iron Works shares to his nephew Holder Borden. Caught in a financial crisis in 1829, the Wllkinsons also sold their shares to him. The Borden-Durfee-Valentine-Butler interests now controlled the Iron Works. Two years after Holder Borden's death in 1837, Jefferson Borden and Major Durfee became the trustees for the nine hundred thousand-dollar Valentine estate which included Iron Works shares. Integral to the formation and development of the Iron Works project were these entangled ties of wealth and kinship that came to characterize manufacturlng and finance in nineteenth-century Fall River. Economic ideology, business policy, and corporate structure would connect with the culture of family, kinship, gender, and class. Such blurred lines between the private and the public realms were not peculiar to Fall River. The Wilkinson brothers were related by marriage to Samuel Slater. The Boston Associates also featured intermarriages and interlocking directorates, and the Browns, Ives, and Goddards of Providence formed another close-knit group of financial and family interests. Close family relationships in textile companies, or "cousinhoods," were also common in the English cotton manufacturlng center of Lancashire. But the promotion of heroic legends about one man, such as Holder Borden, was specific to Fall River and probably had helped to secure Rhode Island investment."
3Mary H. Blewett, Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in 19th Century New England, pgs 27-31. "The Rise Of Holder Borden
The years between 1827 and 1834 were a time of consolidation and cautious consideration of future development for many - but not for Holder Borden. Borden watched and envied the success of Arid rew Robeson's calico-printing works, supplied with cloth from the mills in the Pocasset. Characteristic of the owners, of many New England mills, Robeson had no experience in the cloth painting trade; his father was a Pennsylvania flour miller. But Robeson added his connections with the Pocasset group to his own driving energy and physical powers which he liked to demonstrate by piling three full barrels of flour, one on top of the other, to the amazement of spcctators. He imported English and Scottish engravers and printers, using block printing at first and introducing English engraved copper rollers by 1832. The print works prospered so much that it had to purchase half of its cloth outside of the village. In 1830 management forbade all visitors for fear of imitators and organized its own bank, the Fall River Union Bank. By 1832 Robeson's Fall River Print Works joined the Merrimack Manufacturing Company and the Hamilton Company in Lowell and the Taunton Manufacturing Company, just north of Fall River, as one of the three successful calico-printing operations in Massachusetts. Robeson's success inspired a local rival.
Holder Borden's interests in calico-printing represented only one item on his crowded agenda of enterprise. He spent much of his time before 1830 in Pawtucket and Providence, working for the Wilkinson Brothers mill in Valley Falls, Rhode Island, and for the Iron Works and their Annawan mill. Jefferson Borden took over Holder's place in 1819 as the clerk of the Fall River Manufactory's company store and later assumed his position. representing the Iron Works in Providence. Holder's big chance came in 1825, when the wealthy manufacturers Nicholas Brown and Moses Brown Ives of Providence, who had observed his work at Valley Falls, offered him the agent's position at their Blackstone Manufacturing Company in Providence. While in their employment, Borden bought raw cotton with company funds; in fact, some said he bought so much that he had cornered the market. When Brown and Ives found out that Borden had acted without their authorization in such a risky speculation, they confronted him. His response became part of his personal lore:
Very well, gentlemen. I supposed I was placed here to act on my own judgment. Now as the purchase has been made if you will trust me for the amount of money I have used for this cotton I will assume this purchase for myself, leave the cotton in your store-house and charge the company for the cotton as it is wanted for use at the market price when used.
They agreed. What the Blackstone did not use was sold off and yielded sixty thousand dollars for Borden, in addition to paying off Brown and Ives. Borden used some of his proceeds to buy shares in the Pocasset Company's Massasoit Mill.
The year 1825 also represented the emotional depths of Holder Borden's personal life. He had for some time been engaged to one of his mother's cousins, Hannah Valentine, a daughter of William Valentine and Elizabeth Borden Valentine, whom he had met in Providence. She was reputed to be even prettier than her attractive sister Elizabeth, both of whom had blond curls. Their marriage was planned for the spring of 1826. In the summer of 1825, Elizabeth paid a visit to her relatives in Troy and was stricken by a virulent form of scarlet fever, a strep infection that led to pneumonia. Hannah rushed to be at her side, but also fell ill. Both died in September. The effect of Hannah's death isolated Holder from any society except his immediate family. He poured his grief and energy into work. Within six months his three well-dowered sisters married first cousins of Major Durfee. Then he built them large houses. He presented his mother with a splendid pair of Saratoga grays for her carriage, which drew so much attention around the town, it was said, that his female relatives became embarrassed. The horses served long after Borden's death, a reminder to the town of his wealth and tastes. Major Durfee enjoyed tavern life and had enlarged the property, but he was persuaded (probably by Holder) in 1828 to give up the business and convert the new building into a large private residence. Durfee then devoted himself to constructing mill buildings and wharves. The death at fifteen of the only surviving child of Phoebe and the Major darkened family life.
Holder Borden divided his time between his interests in Fall River village and others developing in Providence. He had persuaded the Iron Works shareholders in 1828 to buy a steamboat built in Castine, Maine, to run between their wharf and Providence, but, as a fancier of fast horses, he drove a small sulky between Fall River and Providence. Following the lead of Almy and Brown, Borden marketed goods through wholesale or commission houses in Philadelphia and, after the opening of the Erie Canal, through prospering New York City. Sometime after 1825 he developed an annoying itch in his throat that persisted and probably was the reason it was said he spoke little. When he did speak, it was always to the point with growing irritation at long-winded or impractical discussions. In an effort to alleviate his discomfort, he grew a long beard for protective warmth when other men went clean-shaven. Nicotine became another soothing anodyne. He smoked cigars "at all hours of the day or night." This too became part of his legend. Concealing his physical and emotional afflictions, Borden worked prodigiously. He seemed constantly on the road between Fall River and Providence, dashing from one business activity to another, keeping fresh horses at relay points in outlying villages. For the Providence trip, he boarded a lively pacer at the halfway point, Slade's Ferry on the Taunton River, where he also stored a supply of cigars, especially rolled to a length that would last the rest of his journey. He rejected enough inferior cigars to provide his innkeeper and stableman with their own smoking materials. He completed this distance of eighteen miles from the ferry to Providence in one hour. Farmers said he went by like a streak of lightening, while young boys sometimes gathered on the road to watch for him. The glowing point of those long cigars, like a tiny meteor in the night, marked his dashes between the two towns.
His greatest coups came in 1835 after Borden leased the entire Massasoit Mill from the Pocasset Company for Brown and Ives and equipped it, imitating the scale of the Lowell mills, with nine thousand spindles, an amazingly bold act for the town. He was also running his own very profitable calico-printing works. Described as "congenitally independent," Borden had begun a print works in 1832 in an abandoned mill operation in Tiverton, Rhode Island, and cleared profits of thirty thousand dollars in one year. This persuaded most of the Iron Works shareholders in 1834 (despite the unexplained opposition of Major Durfee) to back him in building what Holder ambitiously called the American Print Works. Working in so many capacities severely drained his stamina. He served as agent for the Blackstone mill of Brown and Ives in Fall River and for the Iron Works' Annawan, both mills then headquartered in Providence; as agent of his own print works, the American, and as treasurer of the Fall River Manufactory, partly controlled by the Iron Works. He was also a bank director and a prominent shareholder in the Iron Works and the Troy mill. His successes contrasted sharply with the high incidence of bankruptcy and failure in small Rhode Island mills between 1815 and 1860.
Holder Borden became so compulsively involved in the process of calico printing that one day, when his color mixer became sick, he himself mixed up a highly successful shade that became quite popular. He replaced the gears in the power-delivery system with leather belting, a common solution in the industry to maximize efficiency. By his "force and example," Borden set the future course of Fall River textile manufacturing: staple coarse cloth made for printing. Robeson's Fall River Print works went bankrupt in 1848, long after Borden's death, but the company had specialized in the complicated process of indigo blue prints and little else. In contrast, Holder Borden and the American Print Works had developed a larger vision of a more varied market for its products.
Borden became so busy and self-consumed that Brown and Ives sold him their shares in the Massasoit and moved their mill operations to Lonsdale, Rhode Island, where they not only obtained better control over the water power but could disassociate themselves from the unpredictable Holder. Borden then organized the firm of Borden and Bowen to handle his Providence affairs. At one point during the drought years of 1834-36, he tried unsuccessfully to hire away the agent of the Troy mill located at the Upper Falls in order to get a steadier supply of water. He got it anyway. Borden persuaded the Iron Works and American Print Works shareholders to reinvest the profits, not distribute them. He put a million and a half dollars into the print works alone to maintain quality and provide the most efficient and effective industrial processes. Holder Borden meant to shape the regional market for print cloth, not just dominate local production, and drummed his policies into his handpicked successor, Jefferson Borden. Historian Robert Lamb has commented: "All this activity was [the] breath of life to him. He seems to have been unable to get his fill of it, until it finally killed him."
His increasing weakness left him unable to rise from his bed during the financial panic between February and September 1837. Still, Borden gave orders from his sickbed. With his uncle Richard paralyzed with anxiety, Holder summoned to his bedside his nephew Philip D. Borden, the bookkeeper of the print works, and directed him to take his horse and carriage, drive through a threatening storm to Providence for the mail, and fetch Holder's Providence partner. If he could, he would have done it himself. [Philip] answered promptly, knowing that Holder always wanted a decided and unwavering answer, `Yes sir.'
As soon as he had crossed Slade's Ferry there came up a terrific storm. It was dark as midnight. He could see nothing, neither the road nor the stone walls beside it. He put up the boot of the carriage around him, gathered up the reins and started. He saw nothing until he arrived at the bridge in Providence. The horse knew the way and whither he was going. He turned every corner in the road more safely than the driver could have guided him if he had seen the way and more speedily than he would have dared to drive on sight.
Philip returned the next morning with the mail and the partner. According to the legend,
Soon after this ride the crisis of the panic was passed, the credit of Fall River was triumphantly sustained and the business under the financial care and management of Colonel Richard and Holder Borden ... was placed upon a foundation so stable that great prosperity attended it for many years....
Apparently Holder had dispatched his partner to New York where, pledging all his property as security, he borrowed enough (perhaps from a commission house) to sustain the local bank.
Borden's debilitating illness must have been a terrible agony for him, as his condition worsened in 1837. He refused to write a will and died intestate. The enterprising young man resisted his fate to the end. His material legacy was impressive. Holder Borden's estate was estimated at three hundred fifty thousand dollars; he was the richest man in town. He had "loaned new vitality to old undertakings." He had strengthened the hold of the Iron Works on the Troy and Fall River mills, established a print works that later bested the Fall River Print Works, consolidated the Bordens' financial access to Providence and New York banks and marketing firms, and inspired the organization of the Bay State Steamboat Company out of which grew the famous Fall River Line between Newport and New York City.
And, some wondered, what if he had lived? One of his associates who worked for the Wilkinson brothers in Valley Falls believed that Holder Borden possessed "the largest business capacity I have ever seen in a young man." His buildings went up like magic. People said that he was as hard on himself as he was on man and beast, consuming himself with his work. The Providence journal mourned him as one of its own leading citizens. In a significant and acute appraisal long after Holder's death, S. Angier Chace described him as active and energetic, courteous and refined, manly and exemplary. He emphasized Holder's Puritan background as a bloodline of men with "a vision penetrating beyond the present moment" and as "men who had gained control over their passions.... He appeared to have arrived at manhood almost without any boyhood or youth." Indeed his father's death in 1806 had left him without any choice, while his stepfather acted as a goad. His business prowess, determined energy, and intense emotional repression defined his manhood. Without a wife or children, he poured all his passions into business. His anguished private life invigorated his public enterprise. Other testimonies insisted that when he died he had only just begun to establish a model of daring enterprise and strong kinship control of investments to which his uncles, Richard and Jefferson, lead to aspire and build upon to deserve the name Borden. Under their leadership, the Iron Works "waxed" fat. The "old heroic spirit.. . did not quail."."
4Mary H. Blewett, Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in 19th Century New England, pg 32. " The Borden-Durfee families and their supporters in Fall River not only promoted the Holder Borden legend, but also created others. After Holder's death in 1837, Major Durfee assumed control of his estate as family trustee, while Richard and Jefferson Borden divided the manufacturing responsibilities. Richard took on the problem of transporting and marketing the cloth that Jefferson was having produced in the American Print Works. Richard Borden was born in Freetown in 1795 and lived on the family farm while attending the town school. As a young man, he ran a grist mill. He and his brother Jefferson would often take a sloop to the large fertile islands in Narragansett Bay, picking up grain for their mill and returning it as flour or provisions. They willingly marketed any surplus flour in the coastal Rhode Island towns of Warren, Bristol, and Providence, returning home with groceries and raw cotton. His farm and maritime work gave Richard great physical strength, handy for his sawmill and ship-building yard. When the Iron Works was organized in 1821, he was named treasurer and then agent in 1843 when Major Durfee died. Colonel Borden supported all of Holder's ventures: the Iron Works, the Watuppa Reservoir, the banks, the Annawan, the shares in the Troy and Fall River mills, and the creation of the American Print Works. He used this accumulated power for over fifty years."
5Hattie L. Borden Weld, Historical Genealogical Record of Descendants of Richard and Joan Borden Who settled in Portsmouth, RI, 1638 (Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany, NY, 1899), FHL film 0000512. "s/o George Borden/Phoebe Borden of Fall River, MA. Never Married."
6Helen Gurney Thomas, Massachusetts, Freetown Vital Records of the Town 1686-1890, FHL 974.4851F2 V28t. "Freetown, MA, s/o George Borden Jr./Phebe."
7Hattie L. Borden Weld, Historical Genealogical Record of Descendants of Richard and Joan Borden Who settled in Portsmouth, RI, 1638.
8FindaGrave.com. "Birthdate shown as 10 Jun 1798." http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=30072295.
1Nova Scotia Church Records, 1720-2001, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:41Q2-GKZM. Image.
2FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/133536034/henry-bordain. "Henry Bordain in St. John's Anglican Church, is Henry Borden born 23 Dec 1791 in Cornwallis Township to Thomas Borden and his first wife Susanna Cox.
He married first Jean Burbidge on 10 Jan 1819, and had one child Jane Rebecca. He married second Sarah Sanford on 27 Mar 1821." Image.
1FindaGrave.com, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/30094617/isaac-borden. Image.